CHAOS- REASON AND REMEDY
Decisions and actions should be based on the 'Shastra', but should not be based on the emotions and impulses. What is 'Shastra'? 'Shastra' is the set of principles, and specialized knowledge in any particular area of practice (Wikipedia). Chaos happens when we put more faith in our emotions and impulses, instead of following the principles, rules, regulations and ethical conduct. And most of the time, under complex and demanding situations, decisions based on the gut-feelings and impulses are not rational.
Noble prize winner, Dr. Daniel Kahneman in his book "Thinking, Fast and Slow," explains that we have broadly two types of thinking processes- Fast and Slow. Judgements and decisions triggered by the emotional impulses and gut-feelings are based on the fast thinking process which is automatic and happens without any conscious effort. And most of the time we preferably (knowingly or unknowingly) use this fast-thinking mechanism of thinking. Example of fast thinking process: two plus two = four. Although, this fast thinking mechanism is quite effective under normal or even life-threating situations, but performs poorly under complicated or demanding circumstances. Example of slow thinking process: 17 x 24 =? (answer does not come automatically in our mind, we need to make some effort in performing this calculation). Slow thinking mechanism is effortful, and demands attention; but cautious, and follows the reasoning. In today's complicated world full of fake information, hidden agendas, and provocative material designed to exploit our sensory system; our slow thinking mind must approve our judgements, decisions and action before execution. Even if our fast-thinking mechanism immediately lures us to act, there is a strong need re-evaluate our intentions and actions as per the 'Shastra's' litmus test of humanitarian, ethical and lawful conduct.